Which countries are most affected by famine?
A famine is defined as shortage of food, which strikes a region, a village, or a nation. Crop failure may be linked to an inefficient governance and population imbalance. Famine is a serious fatality, leading to increased deaths of children and weaker people. Every country has experienced food shortage in some period of their lives.
It can lead to violence, as the mightiest members of a village may attack another village to deprive them of their resources. As the peace ambassador, Prem Rawat, says, each country should be at peace in order to promote global harmony.
Which countries are mostly hit by starvation?
Central African Republic (CAR)
Central African Republic ranks top in the list as the country with the largest food security crisis in the world. This country has been devastated by ethnic hatred and civil wars since 2012. For almost 8 years, food production has been interrupted. As a result, 65 percent of the population depends on humanitarian assistance to survive.
In Chad, food shortage is due to the acute drought and low precipitation, which lead to agricultural failure. A little less than 4 million Chadians suffer from food insecurity. The number of people who have been hit by hunger has escalated since 2018. In fact, in 2019, 350,000 children are severely malnourished in the Sahel region of West Africa.
Over 20 million people are half-starved across Yemen due to endless conflicts across the country. Among the population, 10 million are extremely underfed. A large number of children and women have to follow malnutrition treatment, as a result.
Insecurity is not the main factor to hunger in Zambia. This country is known for its political stability and sustainable peace. The main factor to starvation across the country is climate change. Since 1981, rain has become scarce. The worst season was in 2019, when farmlands have become so unproductive due to lack of rainfall and drought. 2.3 million Zambians suffer from food shortage.
In Madagascar, food insecurity is due to extreme flooding and farming or harvest destruction after a natural disaster. Each year, 1.5 cyclones hit the island on average. It is estimated that 25 percent of the population is underfed, and the number of severely undernourished children reaches 190,000.
Food is scarce in Liberia due to a long period of civil war, which had devastated the country from 1989 to 2003. It is mostly affected by famine since around 2 million Liberians are starving. About 65 percent of the population is food insecure. 34.5% of children in Liberia are affected by food scarcity.
Attention is brought to Humanitarian organizations, politicians, celebrities, and other good-willed individuals to address worldwide famine. Famine may be caused by failing agriculture, which was triggered by the aftermaths of extreme weather conditions. For example, under the flood, the crops are depleted; under a drought, the plants and crops cannot yield good harvests, and the farm animals died.
Fortunately, humanitarian organizations, like The Pram Rawat Foundation (TPRF) have taken initiatives to give grants for the survival of the most deprived, impoverished people after a natural disaster hits a country.